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The Nature of Man
Posted: 16 November 2012 06:39 AM   [ Ignore ]  
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All evils are caused by insufficient knowledge. So all good is due to sufficient knowledge. This is the principle of optimism. This means that for every evil act, had the evildoer known that his act was evil, and that there was a good option available to him, he would have done good instead of evil. To explain this principle, I’ll consider a few hypothetical situations.


The first situation involves a parent giving her baby a bottle of formula. The baby takes a sip and puts the bottle down on his tray. Then the parent tried to coax the baby with cute eating methods involving airplane sounds. The baby kept turning his head. Then the parent got anxious and tried to force it in his mouth thinking that she’s doing it in the best interest of her baby. The baby responded by hitting the bottle, knocking it to the floor. Then the parent used more force and succeeded in getting her baby to drink the formula. Hours later, the baby died. The autopsy showed that the baby was poisoned. The police learned that the formula was tainted—not just the formula in the baby’s bottle, but also the whole batch of formula shipped by the manufacturer.


It’s important to consider who committed evil; the parent, the baby, or both. The baby knew that the formula tasted really bad, so each time that he rejected it, he was doing good. The parent knew that her baby rejected the formula, so each time that she tried to coerce her baby to drink it, she was committing evil.


Now consider a situation identical in all respects but one—the formula wasn’t tainted, so the baby didn’t die. Who acted immorally? Can the answer be different? Logically, the answer cannot be different. Morality does not depend on the actual results, but rather only the expected results. To illustrate this point, consider whether or not it is moral for a father of five young children to choose to spend all their wealth on lottery tickets. Does the moral choice depend on whether or not he wins? No, the moral choice depends on whether or not he’s expected to win.


As I’ve illustrated, every evil act is caused by insufficient knowledge. In the case of the parent who forced her baby to drink the bottle, had she known that coercing people is expected to lead to bad results, and that persuasion doesn’t have that fault, she would not have resorted to coercion. In the case of the father who spent his entire life savings on lottery tickets, had he known that his choice is expected to lead to bad results, and that he had a better way to spend the wealth, he would not have committed evil.


At some point in the future, when every human being understands this principle of optimism well, and has sufficient knowledge, all evils will be eradicated.


Criticisms? Questions?

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Posted: 21 November 2012 07:54 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 1 ]  
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Nonsense! True evil is caused by intentions, not a lack of knowledge. Lack of knowledge causes “accidents”.  Evil is what happens when people have a deliberate intent to do harm and in full knowledge of cause and effect do that.

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Posted: 22 November 2012 05:13 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 2 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 21 November 2012 07:54 PM

Nonsense! True evil

Why did you qualify evil with “true”? What other kind of evil is there?

GenerousGeorge - 21 November 2012 07:54 PM

is caused by intentions, not a lack of knowledge.

You mean intentions to commit evil acts, right? What causes people to have those intentions? Lack of sufficient knowledge.

GenerousGeorge - 21 November 2012 07:54 PM

Lack of knowledge causes “accidents”.  Evil is what happens when people have a deliberate intent to do harm and in full knowledge of cause and effect do that.

No. You’re talking about conscious, willful evil. I’m talking about *all* evil. So what you’ve left out is subconscious evil.

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—Rami Rustom

If you agree with my ideas, you’d enjoy these:

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Posted: 22 November 2012 08:37 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 3 ]  
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Waste of time communicating with you Rami!

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Posted: 22 November 2012 08:50 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 4 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 22 November 2012 08:37 AM

Waste of time communicating with you Rami!


If you think its a waste of time for you, then you shouldn’t do it.

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—Rami Rustom

If you agree with my ideas, you’d enjoy these:

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Posted: 22 November 2012 08:53 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 5 ]  
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First thing we agree on.  LOL

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Posted: 22 November 2012 09:26 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 6 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 22 November 2012 08:53 AM

First thing we agree on.  LOL


Seriously? Thats the first thing we agree on? You must be hiding a lot of disagreements from me.

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Posted: 22 November 2012 03:35 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 7 ]  
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Wishful thinking Rami. I bet you even disagree with yourself!  LOL

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Posted: 22 November 2012 03:44 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 8 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 22 November 2012 03:35 PM

Wishful thinking Rami. I bet you even disagree with yourself!  LOL


Thats interesting. In your attempt to make fun, you said something true.


People often do disagree with themselves. And they don’t know how to fix it. These conflicts within oneself is the result of most mental suffering among people today. Ayn Rand explained this in _The Virtue of Selfishness_. And David Deutsch, in _The Beginning of Infinity_ explained it more clearly and he went further and explained how to resolve these conflicts.

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—Rami Rustom

If you agree with my ideas, you’d enjoy these:

http://ramirustom.blogspot.com
http://fallibleideas.com/
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http://groups.google.com/group/taking-children-seriously/subscribe
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Posted: 22 November 2012 03:57 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 9 ]  
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I take it you do not appreciate my humour.

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Posted: 22 November 2012 04:06 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 10 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 22 November 2012 03:57 PM

I take it you do not appreciate my humour.


Well, its common for me to not get people’s jokes.

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—Rami Rustom

If you agree with my ideas, you’d enjoy these:

http://ramirustom.blogspot.com
http://fallibleideas.com/
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Posted: 22 November 2012 04:09 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 11 ]  
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Maybe you should wonder why. Could it mean you are a little “one dimensional”. Humour often relies of shades of color.

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Posted: 22 November 2012 04:16 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 12 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 22 November 2012 04:09 PM

Maybe you should wonder why. Could it mean you are a little “one dimensional”. Humour often relies of shades of color.


I don’t know what you mean by “one dimensional”. What does that mean in the context of getting a joke?

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—Rami Rustom

If you agree with my ideas, you’d enjoy these:

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http://fallibleideas.com/
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Posted: 24 November 2012 11:53 AM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 13 ]  
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Everything is logical and “black & white”. Humour is not. Thats all.

PS You answer too many questions with questions.

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Posted: 24 November 2012 02:01 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 14 ]  
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GenerousGeorge - 24 November 2012 11:53 AM

Everything is logical and “black & white”. Humour is not. Thats all.

PS You answer too many questions with questions.

You didn’t even ask me any questions in your previous post.


And what you really mean is that I ask too many questions *for you*.


So what would you rather have me do? When I don’t understand a question, should I answer blindly? Or just not reply?


I ask questions because I don’t understand your idea and the questions are designed to get answers that would clarify your idea for me.

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—Rami Rustom

If you agree with my ideas, you’d enjoy these:

http://ramirustom.blogspot.com
http://fallibleideas.com/
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http://groups.google.com/group/taking-children-seriously/subscribe
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Posted: 24 November 2012 02:03 PM   [ Ignore ]   [ # 15 ]  
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I rest my case.

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