David Hume is the grandfather of the “new atheism”. Hume cast doubt on the evidence for god, thought it was the product of “sick men’s dreams.” Argued, surreptitiously, that religion was not only superfluous to morality but in many ways detrimental. In this work, published posthumously, Hume put a very large question mark against the design argument. He also raised an irrefutable argument concerning evil: What is more reasonable to infer given the misery of the world - that it is the product of a benevolent god? Or is it the outcome of an indifferent universe, the operates according to natural laws? This is the set text in the philosophy of religion. Religious apologists are still grapping with Hume.
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