The Closing of the Western Mind Freeman, Charles Vintage (February 8, 2005)
This book describes “The rise of faith and the fall of reason”, mostly in the guise of the Christian church, from late BCs to the beginning of the Dark Ages. The Church, especially when it also became the Roman government, suppressed rational thought, science, etc. The book is also interesting for its description of the development of the early Church—all the religious (read: political) infighting, the doctrinal arguments, the ‘revolving door’ of the dominant religious/political group (often violently) suppressing the other sects (that eventually took their turns and got revenge).
It’s a great object lesson in how NOT to run a country! An example, perhaps, of why the American Founding Fathers were so specific about the separation of Church and State.