The Sleepwalkers Koestler, Arthur Penguin (Non-Classics) (June 5, 1990)
This is a rich narrative about how flawed is the common sense notion of a “linear progress” in science. Starting from the first ancient philosophers concepts about the shape of the earth and going all the way to Copernicus, Kepler, etc. it goes to the details about how it took so long to get it right (again), including the many political games involved. It is pretty clear that the author did a huge research, and the result of it is a great source not only about the history of sience but also to understand the psychology of the scientists.